Normal and Lithium Battery: What’s the Difference?

Batteries are a crucial component in many of the electronic devices we use every day. However, not all batteries are created equal. There are two main types of batteries: normal and lithium battery. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between these two types of batteries and the advantages of using lithium.


The main difference between normal and lithium batteries is the chemistry used to produce the electrical charge. Regular batteries use a chemical reaction between zinc and manganese oxide to produce electricity, while lithium batteries use lithium metal or lithium compounds as the anode (positive electrode) and an electrolyte solution to create an electrical charge.

Advantages of Lithium

  1. Higher Energy Density: Lithiums have a higher energy density than normal batteries (also known as alkaline batteries), meaning they can store more energy per unit of weight or volume. This makes them an ideal choice for portable devices like smartphones and laptops.

Benefits of Lithium Batteries for Portable Devices:

Lithium batteries are also a great choice for portable devices commonly used in cars and motorcycles, such as GPS systems, dash cams, and Bluetooth headsets. Using the battery in these devices ensures you have a reliable source of power that won’t die out quickly. Lithiums have a higher energy density than normal batteries, meaning they can store more energy per unit of weight or volume. This makes them an ideal choice for these types of devices.

2. Longer Lifespan: Lithium batteries have a longer lifespan than normal ones, meaning they can be recharged many more times before needing to be replaced. This can save you money in the long run, as you won’t need to buy new batteries as frequently.

3. Faster Charging: It can be charged more quickly than normal batteries, which can be convenient when you need to recharge your device quickly.

4. Less Maintenance: It requires less maintenance than normal batteries. They don’t need to be fully discharged before recharging, and they don’t suffer from the “memory effect” that can occur with normal batteries.

How to Identify the Lithium Battery

There are a few ways to identify a lithium battery. Lithium batteries are often labeled as such, so if you see the word “lithium” on the packaging or label, you know it is a lithium battery. Additionally, lithiums are typically lighter than normal batteries of the same size, has a longer shelf life, and can be charged at a higher rate.

Normal and Lithium Battery

Charging Power

The charging power required for a 12V lithium battery should be between 10% and 30% of the battery capacity. For example, if you have a 100Ah lithium battery, the charging power should be between 10A and 30A. On the other hand, normal batteries like alkaline or zinc-carbon batteries should not be charged at all, as they are designed for one-time use and cannot be recharged.


In summary, lithium batteries offer several advantages over normal batteries, including higher energy density, longer lifespan, faster charging, and less maintenance. If you’re looking to power your portable electronic devices, lithium is a great choice. However, it’s important to use the correct charging method and power for your specific battery type and model. Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and specifications to ensure safe and efficient charging.